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The benefits of aquatic therapy as determined by a Pairwise Thematic Content Analysis of the peer-reviewed journals in therapeutic recreation

Kari Kensinger, PhD, CTRS, Sabrina Bates, BS, Sarah Breuer, BS, Erin Johnson, BS, Kylie Rhode, BS, Deanne Webber, BS


Aquatic therapy is an intervention commonly used by recreational therapists. This study used a pairwise content analysis of the American Journal of Recreation Therapy, the American Therapeutic Recreation Association's Annual in Therapeutic Recreation, and the Therapeutic Recreation Journal from 2003-2014 in order to determine the benefits of aquatic therapy. Many articles reviewed used a repeated measure analysis, or pre- and post-test evaluation to measure physiological benefits, leisure satisfaction, quality of life, self-efficacy, and pain. The three most common populations studied include: arthritis, autism spectrum disorder, and multiple sclerosis.


aquatic therapy, recreation therapy, pain, arthritis, autism, multiple sclerosis, quality of life

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