Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

The impact of therapeutic recreation camps on adults with disabilities

Ashlee R. A. Thompson, MS, CTRS, Angela J. Wozencroft, PhD, CTRS, Macie D. Parsons, MS, CTRS

Abstract


Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine the perceived benefits that adults with disabilities experience from participating in a therapeutic recreation camp.

Methods: Participants selected were between the ages of 22 and 65, had attended the camp one or more times, and had no difficulties communicating. Participant interviews were conducted during the camp and recorded. After interview completion, data were transcribed verbatim and QDA Miner software was used to organize and code the data for themes. Researchers used the constant comparative method of data analysis to form a collaborative code book.

Results: Main themes that emerged were: positive affect, confidence, and positive socialization. Participants shared benefits of: feelings of belonging, being accepted without judgment, and establishing an emotional connection with others outside of one's family.


Keywords


recreation therapy, therapeutic recreation, adults with disabilities, camp, perceived benefits, constant comparative method, positive affect, confidence, positive socialization

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sheets D: Aging with physical disability. Available at http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/encyclopedia/en/article/288/. Published 2010. Accessed January 21, 2017.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention: Adults with disabilities. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/disabilities/. Accessed June 26, 2015.

de Winter CF, Bastiaanse LP, Hilgenkamp TIM, et al.: Overweight and obesity in older people with intellectual disability. Res Dev Disabilities. 2012; 33(2): 398-405.

Tinglin C: Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities: A unique population. Today's Geriatr Med. 2013; 6: 22-25.

Shelton K: Therapeutic camps as respite care providers. Ther Recreation J. 2011; 45(1): 17-31.

Hunter HL, Rosnov DL, Koontz D, et al.: Camping programs for children with chronic illness as a modality for recreation, treatment, and evaluation: An example of a mission-based program evaluation of a diabetes camp. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2006; 13(1): 67-79.

Austin DR, Crawford ME: Therapeutic Recreation: An Introduction. 3rd ed. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, 2001.

American Camp Association: Inspirations: Developmental supports and opportunities of youths’ experiences at camp. Available at http://www.acacamps.org/sites/default/files/resource_library/Inspirations.pdf. Accessed July 28, 2015.

Kiernan G, Gormley M, Maclachlan M: Outcomes associated with participation in a therapeutic recreation camping programme for children from 15 European countries: Data from the ‘Barretstown Studies’. Soc Sci Med. 2004; 59(5): 903-913.

Békési A, Török S, Kökönyei G, et al.: Health-related quality of life changes of children and adolescents with chronic disease after participation in therapeutic recreation camping program. Health Quality Life Outcomes. 2011; 9(1): 43-52.

Dawson S, Liddicoat K: “Camp Gives Me Hope”: Exploring the therapeutic use of community for adults with cerebral palsy. Ther Recreation J. 2009; 43(3): 9-24.

McMillan DW, Chavis DM: Sense of community: A definition and theory. J Commun Psychol. 1986; 14: 6–23.

McMillan D: Sense of Community: An Attempt at Definition. Nashville, TN: George Peabody College for Teachers, 1976.

Parsons MD: Perceived Benefits of Therapeutic Recreation Camps for Young Adults with Disabilities [thesis]. Knoxville: University of Tennessee, 2016.

Ridolfo H, Schoua-Glusberg A: Analyzing cognitive interview data using the constant comparative method of analysis to understand cross-cultural patterns in survey data. Field Methods. 2011; 23(4): 420-438.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2017.0130

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.