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Bingocize®: Utilizing a mobile application to improve gait in community-dwelling older adults

Dustin Falls, MS, Matthew Shake, PhD, Elizabeth Norris, PhD, PT, OCS, Scott Arnett, PhD, CSCS,*D, Jenn Taylor, MS, CTRS, K. Jason Crandall, PhD, EP-C

Abstract


Physical activity (PA) can improve older adults’ gait performance and decrease fall risks, yet adherence to PA programs is low. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a game-centered mobile health promotion application (app) to improve gait performance in community-dwelling older adults. Participants (N = 38; age 72.42 ± 12.58) from four independent living facilities were randomly assigned to experimental (n = 20; app with exercise) or control (n = 18; app without exercise) conditions. Each condition completed a 10-week intervention using an inclusive evidence-based health promotion program that combines bingo and exercise, Bingocize®. The investigators collected baseline/post gait assessments 1 week prior and 1-week post intervention. Data were analyzed using a mixed-model ANOVA (p < 0.05). There were no main effects; however, significant interactions (group × time) were observed, and interactions for gait speed (>5 cm/s) were observed in the experimental condition. Research supports this increase as a meaningful clinical change in gait speed, which may potentially reduce the risk of falls.


Keywords


recreational therapy, physical activity, gait speed, fall prevention, evidence based

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2018.0156

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