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Advancing emergency management higher education: Importance of cultural competence scholarship

Claire Connolly Knox, PhD, Christopher T. Emrich, PhD, GISP, Brittani Haupt, PhD


The evolving demographics, needs, and demands of society requires managers to be culturally competent in all phases of emergency management, especially when responding to disasters. A culturally incompetent manager and/or organization can increase a hazard's impact on often already vulnerable communities. Are cultural competencies lacking in emergency management education? Are these competencies as important as other highly regarded emergency management competencies? What are effective pedagogy and andragogy to create, implement, and evaluate cultural competency in emergency management higher education? As scholars work to advance the emergency management discipline, there is an increasing need for scholarship of teaching and learning research, especially regarding cultural competency. This article reviews the existing literature, as well as pedagogy from related disciplines, to identify gaps and provide recommendations for future research.


emergency management higher education, pedagogy, andragogy, cultural competence, scholarship of teaching and learning

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