Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Proposal for a community-based disaster management curriculum for medical school undergraduates in Saudi Arabia

Nidaa Bajow, MD, MSc DM, PhD Candidate, Ahmadreza Djalali, MD, MSc DM, PhD, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, MD, MSc DM, PhD, Hussein Ageely, MD, Ibrahim Bani, MD, PhD, Francesco Della Corte, MD

Abstract


Objectives: Health professional preparedness is a key element of disaster response; overall there is a need for increased disaster medicine training worldwide. The objective of this study was to design and develop a curriculum in community-based disaster medicine for Saudi Arabian medical undergraduates.

Methods: A structured five-step approach was used to develop a curriculum. Expert stakeholders from the Saudi Arabian and international disaster medicine communities were surveyed to determine objectives and content. Learning strategies were carefully considered to maximize participation and retention. Particular attention was paid to equipping learners with the teaching skills required to promote disaster preparedness in their local communities.

Curriculum design: The course consists of 2 weeks of classroom activities followed by 8 weeks of e-learning structured within five domains of disaster medicine. The curriculum introduces core principles in emergency medicine, public health, and disaster management. Simulations, experiential activities, case studies, and role-playing activities are all used to promote higher levels of cognitive engagement. Special content addresses the adult-learning process, and students design their own community-based seminars in disaster preparedness.

Conclusions: The curriculum is designed to promote learning in disaster medicine. Given the paucity of disaster medicine educators in the region, student graduates of this program would be able to improve disaster preparedness in Saudi Arabia by launching their own community-based disaster preparedness initiatives. The program could also be adapted for use throughout the Middle East.


Keywords


disaster medicine, medical education, community-based disaster medicine

Full Text:

PDF

References


Burkle FM: The development of multidisciplinary core competencies: The first step in the professionalization of disaster medicine and public health preparedness on a global scale. Disaster Med Public. 2012; 6(1): 10-12.

Jaipech P, Jaturabundit N, Chaikunrat J, et al.: Emergency response competencies for Thai public health workers: State-of-the-art disaster research and applications. Asia J Pub Health. 2012; 3(1): 32-41.

Alamri YA: Rains and floods in Saudi Arabia. Crying of the sky or of the people? Saudi Med J. 2011; 32(3): 311-313.

Alamri YA: Emergency management in Saudi Arabia: Past, present and future. In McEntire DA (ed.): Comparative Emergency Management: Understanding Disaster Policies, Organizations, and Initiatives from Around the World. Denton, TX: FEMA, 2014.

Aldamegh SA: Are we prepared? Int J Health Sci. 2011; 5(1): V-VI. 6. Cummings GE, Della Corte F: Designing a curriculum in disaster medicine for Canadian medical schools. Int J Disaster Med. 2004; 2(4): 135-147.

Smith J, Levy MJ, Hsu EB, et al.: Disaster curricula in medical education: Pilot survey. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012; 27(05): 492-494.

Swee DE: Medical student involvement in disaster medicine and public health preparedness planning and response. Paper presented

at American Medical Association Open Section Interim Meeting, New Orleans, LA, 2011.

Kaiser HE, Barnett DJ, Hsu EB, et al.: Perspectives of future physicians on disaster medicine and public health preparedness: Challenges of building a capable and sustainable auxiliary medical workforce. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2009; 3(4): 210-216.

Markenson D, Woolf S, Redlener I, et al.: Disaster medicine and public health preparedness of health professions students: A multidisciplinary assessment of knowledge, confidence, and attitudes. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2013; 7(5): 499-506.

Su T, Han X, Chen F, et al.: Knowledge levels and training needs of disaster medicine among health professionals, medical students, and local residents in Shanghai, China. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6): e67041.

Usuzawa M, O Telan E, Kawano R, et al.: Awareness of disaster reduction frameworks and risk perception of natural disaster: A questionnaire survey among Philippine and Indonesian health care personnel and public health students. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2014; 233(1): 43-48.

Nguyen A, Tan CH, O'Shea K: Up the creek without a paddle: An Australian take on disaster medicine. Aust Med Stud J. 2011; 2: 74-77.

Adams LM, Canclini SB: Disaster readiness: A community—university partnership. Online J Issues Nurs. 2008; 13(3).

Wickramasinghe KK, Ishara MH, Liyanage P, et al.: Outcome-based approach in development of a disaster management course for Healthcare workers. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2007; 36(9): 765-769.

Kaji AH, Coates W, Fung CC: A disaster medicine curriculum for medical students. Teach Learn Med. 2010; 22(2): 116-122.

Markenson D, DiMaggio C, Redlener I: Preparing health professions students for terrorism, disaster, and public health emergencies: Core competencies. Acad Med. 2005; 80(6): 517-526.

Schultz CH, Koenig KL, Whiteside M, et al.: Development of national standardized all-hazard disaster core competencies for acute care physicians, nurses, and EMS professionals. Ann Emerg Med. 2012; 59(3): 196-208.

Subbarao I, Lyznicki JM, Hsu EB, et al.: A consensus-based educational framework and competency set for the discipline of disaster medicine and public health preparedness. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2008; 2(1): 57-68.

Takemoto K, Motoya Y, Kimura R: A proposal for effective emergency training and exercise program to improve competence for disaster response of disaster responders. J Dis Res. 2009; 5(2): 197-207.

Bloom B, Englehart M, Furst E, et al. (eds.): Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals. Handbook I: Cognitive Domain. New York: David McKay Company, 1956.

Biggs J, Tang C: Teaching for Quality Learning at University: What the Student Does. 3rd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press, 2007.

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies: Increasing community disaster awareness. Disaster preparedness training programme. 2000. Available at https://www.ifrc.org/Global/Inccdp.pdf. Accessed July 10, 2015.

Talaat W, Ladhani Z (eds.): Community-Based Education in Health Professions: Global Perspectives. The Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office of the World Health Organization, 2014. Available at http://new.themedfomscu.org/images/CommunityBasedEducationinHealthProfessions.pdf. Accessed July 10, 2015.

Hsu EB, Thomas TL, Bass EB, et al.: Healthcare worker competencies for disaster training. BMC Med Educ. 2006; 6: 19.

Walsh L, Subbarao I, Gebbie K, et al.: Core competencies for disaster medicine and public health. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2012; 6(1): 44-52.

Milaat WA, Bani IA, Makeen A, et al.: Jazan health needs assessment: A key informant approach. Pub Health Med. 2007; 6(3): 105-110.

Pfenninger EG, Domres BD, Stahl W, et al.: Medical student disaster medicine education: The development of an educational resource. Int J Emerg Med. 2010; 3: 9-20.

Delooz H, Debacker M, Moens G, et al.: European survey on training objectives in disaster medicine. Eur J Emerg Med. 2007; 14(1): 25-31.

Franc-Law JM, Ingrassia PL, Ragazzoni L, et al.: The effectiveness of training with an emergency department simulator on medical student performance in a simulated disaster. CJEM. 2010; 12(1): 27-32.

Murray V, Clifford J, Seynaeve G, et al.: Disaster health education and training: A pilot questionnaire to understand current status. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2006; 21(3): 156-167.

Horney JA. Evaluation of the certificate in community preparedness and disaster management program at the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health. Public Health Rep. 2009; 124(4): 610-616.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/ajdm.2015.0197

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.