Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Risk factors for mortality in landslide- and flood-affected populations in Uganda

Shreya Agrawal, MSPH, MPA,, Yuri Gorokhovich, MA, PhD, Shannon Doocy, PhD

Abstract


Objective: Assess mortality risk factors including age, sex, and disaster type, in the March 2010 floods and landslides in Eastern Uganda and to compare time period, cause, location, and receipt of medical care among landslide and flood fatalities.
Design: A stratified cluster survey was conducted of 802 affected households in community and camp locations.
Setting: Flood and landslide affected populations in the East Uganda the districts of Baduda and Butaleja.
Respondents: Adult household members in 802 households were surveyed regarding household member deaths in the floods and landslides areas.
Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome measure was the odds of death associated with age, sex, and disaster type (flood or landslide). The secondary outcome measure was the odds of event (landslide or flood) among fatalities associated with sex, age, time period of death, and cause of death.
Results: The odds of death were significantly higher in landslide affected populations than in flood affected populations (OR 3.06, 95% CI 2.20-4.25, p < 0.001). Time period of death (p = 0.016), type of death (p < 0.001), death after seeking medical care (p = 0.033), month of death (p < 0.001), and cause of death (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with increased odds of death due to landslides as compared to floods.
Conclusion: More deaths occurred due to landslides than floods, and landslide deaths were more immediate, with a majority occurring on the day of the event. Females and younger age groups faced a greater risk of death from the landslide than the flood.


Keywords


flood, landslide, natural disasters, Uganda, mortality

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alexander D: The study of natural disasters, 1977-1997: Some reflections on a changing field of knowledge. Disasters. 1997; 21(4): 284-304.

Peacock WG, Morrow BH, Gladwin H (eds.): Hurricane Andrew— Ethnicity, Gender and the Sociology of Disasters. London: Routledge, 1997.

Pielke RA, Agrawala S, Bouwer LM: Clarifying the attribution of recent disaster losses: A response to Epstein and McCarthy. Bull Am Meteorol Soc. 2005; 86(10): 1481-1484.

OCHA: Eastern Uganda landslides and floods: Situation report No. 3. Situation Report. Kampala: UN OCHA, 2010.

WHO: Landslide and flood in Bududa and Butalija districts health: Situation report No. 1, 5 March. Situation Report. Kampala: WHO, 2010.

Butaleja District Local Government, N. E. M. A. N., the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) / Poverty and Environment Initiatives (PEI): District Environmental Policy. Butaleja: Butaleja District Local Government, 2009.

Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS): Statistical abstract of Uganda 2007. Statistical Abstract of Uganda, Uganda Bureau of Statistics, 2007.

Geographic Information Support Team (GIST) Repository at the University of Georgia: Data Depository.Available at https://gist.itos.uga.edu/index.asp. Accessed May 2011.

NASA: TRMM Data. Available at http://trmm.gsfc.nasa.gov/data_dir/data.html. Accessed May 2011.

Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University; International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); The World Bank; and Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT): Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project (GRUMP), Alpha Version. Palisades, NY: Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), Columbia University. Available at http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw. Accessed May 2011.

Dore M: Forecasting the conditional probabilities of natural disasters in Canada as a guide for disaster preparedness. Nat Hazards. 2003; 28(2): 249-269.

Moe T, Pathranarakul P: An integrated approach to natural disaster management: Public project management and its critical success factors. Disaster Prev Manage. 2006; 15(3): 396-413.

Duclos P, Vidonne O, Beuf P, et al.: Flash flood disaster—Nimes, France, 1988. Eur J Epidemiol. 1991; 7(4): 365-371.

Sanchez C, Lee TS,Young S, et al.: Risk factors for mortality during the 2002 landslides in Chuuk, Federated States of Micronesia. Disasters. 2009; 33(4): 705-720.

Reuters: Update 3: At least 18 killed in Uganda landslide. June 25, 2012.Available at http://af.reuters.com/article/commoditiesNews/idAFL6E8HP7HW20120625. Accessed June 29, 2012.

Doocy S, Daniels A, Murray S, et al.: The human impacts of floods: A historic review of events 1980-2009 and systematic literature review. PLoS Curr: Disasters. 2013. doi:10.1371/currents.dis.f4deb457904936b07c09daa98ee8171a.

Pradhan E,West K, Katz J, et al.: Risk of flood-related mortality in Nepal. Disasters. 2007; 31(1): 57-70.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/ajdm.2013.0117

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.