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Physiological effects of a technology-based music-making program in skilled nursing residents

Brigid Lyons, BS, CTRS, Rhonda Nelson, PhD, CTRS, Pei-Chun Hsieh, PhD, CTRS


This study evaluated the effectiveness of a technology-based music-making intervention (the Beamz) in elevating heart rate and producing a relaxation response in skilled nursing home residents. Using a quasi-experimental counterbalanced design, results indicated that this brief intervention produced a statistically significant elevation in heart rate and systolic blood pressure when played at a fast tempo. Heart rate was also significantly elevated when slow tempo music was used. In addition, participants reported a statistically lower level of relaxation following the slow tempo session and expressed that they found this new activity intervention enjoyable. Implications of findings and future research possibilities using technology-based music-making interventions in recreation therapy practice are discussed.


Beamz, geriatrics, music, older adults, physical activity, relaxation, skilled nursing, technology, therapeutic recreation

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