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The use of groups as a therapeutic modality with individuals who are brain injured

Lynne Richard, MA, OT, Naama Jakobov, MS, OTR, Beth B. Sosowsky, MS, OTR, Miryam Leiser, MS, OTR


The use of groups as a treatment format with individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) was examined. A survey was constructed based on prior research, piloted, revised, and then sent to rehabilitation sites identified as Model Treatment Centers for individuals with TBI. The findings suggest that therapists (Recreational, OT, PT, and SLP) implement a variety of group types. Groups are used to address patient goals in the area of social and cognitive skills, self-awareness, and adjustment to disability and are generally used to complement individual therapy. Therapists cite work experience as preparation for leading groups and feel competent as group leaders. One third of the respondents prefer individual treatment and feel that there are barriers to implementing groups with this population. Implications for professional preparation and practice are discussed.


group treatment, traumatic brain injury

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