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Exploring the physical and psychosocial benefits of yoga for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities

Brandi M. Crowe, PhD, LRT/CTRS, Claire K. Allison, MS, LRT/CTRS, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, PhD, CTRS, FDRT, Em V. Adams, MS, CTRS, Arlene A. Schmid, PhD, OTR, FAOTA

Abstract


Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) often experience negative physical and psychosocial health outcomes that may result in lower levels of engagement in physical activity and decreased quality of life. Physical activity, such as yoga, may improve physical functioning and psychosocial wellbeing among individuals with IDD. There is a lack of published research that evaluates outcomes of yoga participation for individuals with IDD. Thus, the purpose of this multimethod study was to explore the influence of yoga participation on the physical functioning and psychosocial wellbeing of adults with IDD. Eleven adults with IDD engaged in 12, 60-minute yoga sessions for 7 weeks. Results indicated significant improvements in participants’ lower body strength and endurance, and their interest and enjoyment as motivation for participating in physical activity. Findings suggest that yoga has the potential to improve physical functioning and psychosocial wellbeing among adults with IDD. Recommendations for future research are included.


Keywords


yoga, intellectual and developmental disability, physical functioning, psychosocial wellbeing, recreational therapy

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2019.0201

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