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Psychosocial outcomes of participation in adaptive sports for adults with spinal cord injuries: A systematic review of the literature

Brooke Prout, MS, CTRS, Heather R. Porter, PhD, CTRS


This systematic review of the literature aims to determine the psychosocial outcomes of participation in adaptive sports for adults with spinal cord injuries (SCIs). The search yielded 68 articles, of which 14 met the inclusion criteria. Findings support the use of adaptive sports by recreational therapists to elicit positive psychosocial outcomes for adults with SCIs, although more research is needed. Recommendations for practice and future research are provided.


adaptive sports, spinal cord injury, psychosocial outcomes

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