Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

An analysis of casualty transportation to a medical facility following the Campbelltown tornado

Bruce S. Rudy, DEd, Michele L. Shaffer, PhD, Andrea H. Horne, MA


An emergency management agency is responsible for the preparation and response to a myriad of disasters. A disaster is an event that overwhelms the available resources. An analysis of tornado victims who presented to a nonurban medical center demonstrated a higher percentage of arrival by emergency vehicle when compared with other disasters that occurred in metropolitan settings. Emergency managers in nonurban settings should include plans for transportation of both critically and noncritically injured persons to a medical facility.


emergency management; disaster; triage; tornado

Full Text:



Waugh WL: Living With Hazards Dealing With Disasters. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2000.

Eden P, Matthews G: Disaster management in libraries. Library Manage. 1996; 17(3): 5-18.

Hogan DE, Burstein JL: Basic Perspectives on Disaster, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007.

Blanco JL: Fallible decision in management. Learning from errors. Disaster Prev Manage. 1996; 5: 5-13.

Waugh WL, Hy RJ: Handbook of emergency management. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Okumura T, Suzuki K, Fukuda A, et al.: The Tokyo subway sarin attack: Disaster management, Part 1: Community emergency response. Acad Emerg Med. 1998; 5(6): 613-617.

Tokuda Y, Kikuchi M, Takahashi O, et al.: Prehospital management of sarin nerve gas terrorism in urban settings: 10 years of progress after the Tokyo subway sarin attack. Resuscitation. 2006; 68(2): 193-202.

Rapid assessment of injuries among survivors of the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center—New York City, September 2001. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2002; 51(1): 1-5.

Kirschenbaum L, Keene A, O’Neill P, et al. The experience at St. Vincent’s Hospital, Manhattan, on September 11, 2001: Preparedness, response, and lessons learned. Crit Care Med. 2005; 33(1 Suppl): S48-S52.

Gumm RH, Fitzgerald F: Lebanon county F3 tornado, 2004. Available at http://nwsmetpsuedu/severe/2004/14July2004pdf. Accessed January 9, 2008.

Litz JE: Lebanon county tornado, 2004. Available at www. mbcompcom/LITZONLEBANON/tornadohtm. Accessed January 9, 2008.

Guttenberg MG, Asaeda G, Cherson A, et al.: Utilization of ambulance resources at the world trade center: Implication for disaster planning. Ann Emerg Med. 2002; 40(4): S92.

Auf Der Heide E: Principles of hospital disaster planning. In Burnstein DH (ed.): Disaster Medicine, 2nd Ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007: 95-126.

Hogan DE: Tornadoes. In Hogan DE, Burstein JL (eds.): Disaster Medicine, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007: 194-204.

Shaw R: Don’t panic: Behaviour in major incidents. Disaster Prev Manage. 2001; 10: 5-10.

Fischer HW: Mitigation and response planning in a bio-terrorist attack. Disaster Prev Manage. 2000; 9: 360-367.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Emergency Management