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National emergency training systems in the United States and Korea

Kyoo-Man Ha, PhD, CEM


This study aims to improve national emergency training systems in the United States and Korea by comparing their governments and policies, nongovernment partners and their roles, and other issues while drawing related implications to contribute to emergency management. The major tenet of this study is as follows: the US training system is decentralized and covers all kinds of hazards, whereas the Korean system is centralized and focuses on a civil engineering viewpoint besides fire fighting. As a result, the US government needs to support training in business more actively. On the other hand, the Korean National Emergency Management Agency, as a central government, needs to expand its emergency training into governments at lower levels, and at the same time covering all aspects of emergencies in their training programs. To have better output, two national leaders should check out the aforementioned implications realistically as well as theoretically.


emergency training, FEMA, Korean NEMA, interdisciplinary study

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