Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

National emergency management system: The United States and Korea

Kyoo-Man Ha, PhD, CEM, Ji-Young Ahn, MD

Abstract


The purpose of this article is to contribute to the ultimate goal of emergency management by comparing the similarities, differences, and implications of the national emergency management systems in the United States (US) and Korea. The primary tenets, or similarities, differences, and implications, are as follows: (1) Both the US and Korean governments have tried to define basic emergency terms, but the Korean definitions are less based on national consensus. It is proposed that the Korean government aim for more national agreement on its definitions. (2) Local governments in the two nations play a direct role in dealing with emergency; yet, the US national system is decentralized, while the Korean one is centralized. Each system has tried to adopt the other’s principle for better management. (3) Although the roles of three nongovernment partners in these two nations are clearly outlined, each problem which they face is unique to their own environment. Through globalization, Korea has developed the framework of three nongovernmental players in emergency management. (4) Military principles, emergency exercises, and training have been used extensively in both nations. In the United States, fire officials have competed with law enforcement officials for resources, whereas the Korean fire officials have competed with civil engineers for resources. These rival groups should eliminate politicking with competition, thus fostering a common purpose among them.

Keywords


emergency management, United States, Korea

Full Text:

PDF

References


Loucks DP, Stedinger JR, Stakhiv EZ: Individual and societal responses to natural hazards. J Water Resources Planning Manage. 2006; (September/October): 315-319.

Godschalk D: Viewpoint. Planning. 2005; 71(10): 58.

Burkle FM Jr: Disaster management, disaster medicine and emergency medicine. Emerg Med. 2001; 13: 143-144.

The Federal Emergency Management: Principles of Emergency Management. Washington, D.C.: Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2006-2004: 2.7-2.9.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: Continuity of Operations (COOP) Awareness Course.Washington.D.C.Available at http://emilms. fema.gov/is546_COA/index.htm. Accessed December 1, 2005.

The U.S. Department of Justice & the Federal Emergency Management Agency: Emergency Response to Terrorism.Washington, D.C. Available at http://emilms.fema.gov/ICS100G/index.htm. Accessed November 3, 1999.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: Introduction to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan.Washington, D.C.: Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2007: 3.3-3.5.

The National Emergency Management Agency of Korea: Emergency and Safety Management Law (written in Korean). Seoul, Korea: National Emergency Management Agency, 2004: 1-2.

Kim PS, Lee JE: Emergency management in korea and its future directions. J Contingencies Crisis Manage. 1998; 6(4): 189-201.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: National Response Plan (NRP), An Introduction. Washington, D.C.: Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2006: 2.3-2.6.

Ousley E, Atluri S, Dang C: Public health issues of a disaster. Top Emerg Med. 2002; 24(3): 56-60.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency. Multiagency Coordination System.Washington, D.C. 2006: 1.9-1.13.

Lee JS: The politics of decentralization in Korea (written in Korean). Local Gov Stud. 1996; 22(3): 60-71.

Kim HY: Policy Making (written in Korean). Seoul: Daeyoung Munwhasa, 1997.

Mitchell RL: Technology. Computerworld. 2007; January(08): 21-23.

Erlanger L: In case of emergency activate business continuity plan. Inforworld.com. 2006; 08(07): 27-31.

Moore P, Curtis M: Update on NFPA 1600 Standard on Disaster/ Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs-2004 Version. NFPA, 2004: 1-2. Available at http://www.nasttpo.org/NFPA1600ARTICLE2004.pdf.

Hendrickson RG: Terrorist chemical release: Assessment of medical risk and implications for emergency preparedness. Human Ecol Assess. 2005; 11: 487-499.

Schwartz E, Principe L, Fonseca B: Feds raise recovery bar. Infowlrd.com. 2002; 09(09): 12.

Neal DM: The consequences of excessive unrequested donations: The case of Hurricane Andrew. Disaster Manage. 1994; 6: 23-28.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: The Role of Voluntary Agencies in Emergency Management. Washington, D.C.: FEMA, 1999: 2.1-4.26.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: Developing and Managing Volunteers.Washington, D.C.: FEMA, 2006: 2.3-2.4.

Ha K-M, Ahn J-Y: A Study on the Establishment of Civil Network for Emergency Management (Written in Korean). Proceedings for 2006 Fall KAPA Seminar. Seoul, Korea. The Korean Association for Public Administration. 2006: 725-739.

Kim HW, Lee DK: An Observational Study of Mesoscale Convective Systems with Heavy Rain over the Korean Peninsula. Weather Forecast. 2006; 21: 125-148.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: Introduction to ICS.Washington, D.C.: FEMA, 2005: 2.1-2.17.

Hardin CK, D’Amore AR: Air force expeditionary medical support unit at the Houston floods: Use of a military model in civilian disaster response. Military Med. 2005; 170(2): 103-108.

French DG,Wolfe ES: 9/11/01 National emergency: Implications for military nurse reservists and civilian health care organizations. Admin Q. 2002; 26(4): 26-32.

Koenig AR.: In the eye of the storm: The operations of the joint task force katrina history group. Federalist. 2006-2007; Winter: 10-12.

Hew P, Sunshine W: Urban search and rescue. Top Emerg Med. 2002; 24(3): 26-36.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: Exercise Design. Washington, D.C.: FEMA, 2003.

Perry RW: Disaster exercise outcomes for professional emergency personnel and citizen volunteers. J Contingencies Crisis Manage. 2004; 12(2): 64-75.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: An Orientation to Community Disaster Exercises.Washington, D.C.: FEMA, 1995.

Waugh WL Jr: Terrorism, homeland security and national emergency management network. Public Org Rev Global J. 2003; 3: 373-385.

Eastman MR: Culture in Combat: Military Culture and Combat Effectiveness in Korea. Conference Paper-American Political Science Association, Annual Meeting. Boston, MA, 2002: 1-40.

Korean Civil Defense Training Center: The Website of the Civil Defense Training Center.Available at http://www.nema.go.kr/civil/. Accessed August 20, 2007.

Korean National Fire Service Academy: The Website of the National Fire Service Academy. Available at http://www.fire.or.kr/english/main01.asp. Accessed September 20, 2007.

Smith A: Critical incident stress management. Fire Eng. 2005; (February): 96.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: Radiological Emergency Response. Washington, D.C.: FEMA, 1998.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: A Citizen’s Guide to Disaster Assistance. Washington, D.C.: FEMA, 2003.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency: Multi-Hazard Emergency Planning for Schools. Washington, D.C.: FEMA, 2004.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.2008.0011

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Emergency Management