Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Wind-missile impact capacity of essential facilities

Nur Yazdani, PhD, Perry Green, PhD, Saif Haroon, PhD

Abstract


Windborne debris during a hurricane may cause damage to building façades, resulting in significant economic losses and injury or death. Recent building codes have adopted variations of the large-wind-missile impact test in order to certify roof/wall components for hurricane resistance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the performance of commonly used Florida wall and roof assemblies under enhanced large-wind-missile impact testing, beyond the basic test specified in the Florida Building Code. Relevant standards specify similar enhanced standards for essential facilities and shelters. Based on a thorough literature review, a list of wall and roof assemblies that had not been tested before was selected. Wall assemblies included wood and metal framing systems and concrete panels. Roof assemblies included metal framing systems and concrete panels. A comprehensive list of wall and roof assemblies that passed the enhanced test was developed. Assemblies that should be avoided in the construction of essential facilities were also noted.

Keywords


-

Full Text:

PDF

References


National Hurricane Center: National Hurricane Center Web site. Available at www.nhc.noaa.gov. Accessed March 20, 2007.

McDonald JR: Impact resistance of masonry walls to tornado generated missiles. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics. 1985.

McDonald JR: Impact resistance of wood and wood products subjected to simulated tornado missiles. Paper presented at the International Conference on Timber Engineering, Seattle, WA, 1988.

McDonald JR: Impact resistance of common building materials to tornado missiles. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics. 1990.

McDonald JR: Windborne debris impacts on metal wall panels and their implications. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Wind Engineering, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1999.

Cook RA, Johnson M, Johnson RG, et al.: Missile impact tests of 22 gage standard and composite 1.5 inch wide-rib steel deck. Structures and Materials Research Report No. 1998-5. Gainesville, FL: Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station, University of Florida, 1998.

Cook RA, Gurley KR, Staley M: Missile impact tests: Gate Concrete Products Co., 6, 8, 10, and 12” hollow core slabs. Structures and Materials Research Report No. 19996. Gainesville, FL: Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station, University of Florida, 1999.

Cook RA, Gurley KR, Harrell GL: Missile impact tests: 6-inch and 8-inch ASTM C90 concrete masonry walls. Structures Research Report No. 2000-3. Gainesville, FL: Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station, University of Florida, 2000.

Cook RA, Gurley KR, Harrell GL: Missile impact tests: Vulcraft 1.5B18 and 1.5B22 metal roof deck. Structures Research Report No. 2000-2. Gainesville, FL: Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station, University of Florida, 2000.

Texas Tech University: Debris Impact Testing at Texas Tech University. Lubbock, TX: Wind Science and Engineering Research Center, Texas Tech University, 2002.

American Society of Civil Engineers: Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2002.

Southern Building Code Congress International: Standard Building Code. Birmingham, AL: Southern Building Code Congress International, 2000.

State of Florida: Florida Building Code. Tallahassee, FL: State of Florida, 2001.

Braden C: Large Wind Missile Impact Performance of Public and Commercial Building Assemblies [dissertation]. Gainesville, FL: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Florida, 2004.

Ellifritt D, Johnson M: Large Missile Impact Testing on Sheet Metal Clad Structures for the Metal Building Manufacturers Association and Ceco Building Systems. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida, 1998.

Staley M: Large Missile Impact Testing on Hollow Core Prestressed Concrete Slabs [dissertation]. Gainesville, FL: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Florida, 1999.

Anderson SH: Large Missile Impact Test for Metal-Clad Structures [dissertation]. Gainesville, FL: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Florida, 1995.

Yazdani N, Green P, Haroon S: Large wind missile performance of public and commercial building assemblies. Contract No. 04CG- 10-13-00-05-006. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Community Affairs, Division of Emergency Management, 2004.

American Society for Testing and Materials: Standard Specification for Performance of Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, Doors and Storm Shutters Impacted by Windborne Debris in Hurricanes. ASTM E-1996. West Conshohocken, PA: American Society for Testing and Materials, 2004.

Department of Energy: Natural Phenomena Hazards Design and Evaluation Criteria for Department of Energy Facilities. DOESTD- 1020. Washington, DC: Department of Energy, 2002.

Twisdale LA, Dunn WL: Tornado missile simulation and design methodology. EPRI NP-2005 (Volumes I and II). Technical Report. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, 1981.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.2007.0053

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Emergency Management