Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Emergency management during wars: Case study Umm Al-Nasr Village “Bedouin Village”

Alaa M. A. Musalam, PhD, Nizam M. El-Ashgar, Muhammad Al-Agha, Abed Al-Shukry, PhD, Khaldun Mohammed

Abstract


The aim of this study is to establish procedures to protect the residents of the Umm al-Nasr border village from the dangers of wars and military violations by preparing emergency management procedures for emergency personnel to protect the population and properties, as well as designing a model that simulates the Emergency Operations Department in the northern Gaza Strip. In addition, a mathematical equation was designed to calculate the strength of the true steadfastness of the society to defend the community in the event of war. The researchers used the analytical descriptive approach and the interview with the officials in the municipality of the village. The most important results of this study were the preparation of the risk matrix for the village of Umm al-Nasr by identifying the risks and analyzing them, determining the consequences and probability of each disaster threatening the village, designing a model showing the emergency operations and the effective institutions, and how to link the operations and coordination between the central chamber and the emergency committee besides the working institutions. In the field of relief, rescue and shelter as well as preparing preparedness and response measures in the event of war threatening the village. This study recommended the proper planning of the emergency management through the preparation of effective preparedness measures that seek to preserve life and property, and to protect the fragile communities in the Gaza Strip, especially the community of Umm al-Nasr to strengthen its steadfastness in the economic, environmental, and health sectors.


Keywords


Gaza Strip, Umm al-Nasr Village, preparedness, disaster, emergency, vulnerability, emergency

Full Text:

PDF

References


Palestinian News and Info Agency: The environmental situation in the Gaza Strip. Available at http://info.wafa.ps/ar_page.aspx?id=2370. Accessed December 27, 2018.

State of Palestine to the UN: Israeli vs Gaza 8 July 2014—the escalating Israeli wars against Gaza strip. Available at http://palestineun.org/?s=Israeli+wars+Gaza. Accessed November 11, 2019.

Palestinian Water Authority: Wastewater and environmental degradation in the northern Gaza Strip. Available at http://www.pwa.gov.ps/post/8. Accessed December 27, 2018.

Sadallah H, Al-Najar H: Disinfection of intermitted water supply system and its health impact: Um Al Nasser village as a case study. World J. Environ. Eng. 2015; 3(2): 32-39.

Flanagan BE, Gregory EW, Hallisey EJ, et al.: A social vulnerability index for disaster management. J Homeland Secur Emerg Manage. 2011; 8(1): 3.

Christoplos I, Mitchell J, Liljelund A: Re-framing risk: The changing context of disaster mitigation and preparedness. Disasters, 2001; 25(3): 185-198.

Scherr SJ: A downward spiral? Research evidence on the relationship between poverty and natural resource degradation. Food Policy. 2000; 25(4): 479-498.

Kailes JI, Enders A: Moving beyond “special needs” A function-based framework for emergency management and planning. J Disabil. Policy Stud. 2007; 17(4): 230-237.

National Patient Safety Agency: A risk matrix for risk managers at. Available at www.npsa.nhs.uk. Accessed December 27, 2018.

Islamic Relief Palestine: Study the reality of the most vulnerable communities in the Gaza Strip 2017-2018. Available at http://irpal.ps/ar/index.php/2018/06/12/news-12/. Accessed December 27, 2018.

Cook ML, et al.: US Army War College Guide to Strategy. Strategic Studies Institute, 2001. Available at https://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/01cerami.pdf. Accessed December 27, 2018.

BRITISH COLUMBIA: Emergency Management System at: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/safety/ Accessed December 11, 2018.

Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs: The Gaza War 2014 at: http://jcpa.org/pdf/The-Gaza-War-2014-Site.pdf. Accessed December 11, 2018.

Al Mezan Center for Human Rights: The losses and damage caused to civilians during the war of 2014 on the Gaza Strip. Available at http://www.mezan.org/post/20375. Accessed December 11, 2018.

Palau Government: Palau: National disaster risk management framework 2010. Available at https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=60116&tid=108. Accessed December 10, 2018.

Aljazeera: The village of Umm Al-Nasr in Gaza. Available at https://www.aljazeera.net/programs/al-jazeeraspecialproSgrams/2014/9/3/. Accessed December 9, 2018.

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: The Monthly Humanitarian Bulletin, 2013. Available at https://www.ochaopt.org/content/monthly-humanitarian-bulletinjune-2013. Accessed December 10, 2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.2020.0476

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Emergency Management