Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Evolution of an experiential learning partnership in emergency management higher education

Claire Connolly Knox, PhD, Alan S. Harris, CEM, FPEM

Abstract


Experiential learning allows students to step outside the classroom and into a community setting to integrate theory with practice, while allowing the community partner to reach goals or address needs within their organization. Emergency Management and Homeland Security scholars recognize the importance, and support the increased implementation, of this pedagogical method in the higher education curriculum. Yet challenges to successful implementation exist including limited resources and time. This longitudinal study extends the literature by detailing the evolution of a partnership between a university and office of emergency management in which a functional exercise is strategically integrated into an undergraduate course. The manuscript concludes with a discussion of lessons learned from throughout the multiyear process.


Keywords


emergency management higher education, community partnership, experiential learning, functional exercise

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alexander D: Approaches to emergency management teaching at the master's level. J Emerg Manag. 2012; 11(1): 59-72.

Clement KE: The essentials of Emergency Management and Homeland Security graduate education programs: Design, development, and future. J Homel Secur Emerg Manag. 2011; 8: 1-10.

Donahue DA Jr, Cunnion SO, Balaban CD, et al.: Meeting educational challenges in homeland security and emergency management. J Homel Secur Emerg Manag. 2010; 7: Article 19.

Kapucu N: Developing competency-based emergency management degree programs in public affairs and administration. J Public Affairs Educ. 2011; 17(4): 501-521.

Kapucu N, Knox CC: Utilization of service learning and experiential learning in emergency management programs in the U.S. J Public Affairs Educ. 2013; 19(1): 31-51.

McCreight R: Educational challenges in homeland security and emergency management. J Homel Secur Emerg Manag. 2009; 6(1): 1-6.

Waugh WL Jr, Sadiq A: Professional education for emergency managers. J Homel Secur Emerg Manag. 2011; 8: Article 9.

Dewey J: Experience and Education. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1938.

Bringle RG, Hatcher JA: Implementing service learning in higher education. J Higher Educ. 1996; 67(2): 221-239.

Bringle RG, Hatcher JA: Institutionalization of service learning in higher education. J Higher Educ. 200; 71(3): 273-290.

Cantor JA: Experiential Learning in Higher Education: Linking Classroom and Community. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997.

Cunningham B: Experiential learning in public administration education. J Public Admin Educ. 1997; 3(2): 219-227.

Jacoby B: Preface to service-learning in today's higher education. In Jacoby B (ed.): Service-Learning in Higher Education: Concepts and Practices. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1996: 3-25.

Kenworthy-U’Ren AL, Peterson TO: Service-learning and management education: Introducing the “WE CARE” approach. Acad Manag Learn Educ. 2005; 4(3): 272-277.

Kolb DA: Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1984.

Bringle RG, Games R, Malloy EA: Colleges and Universities as Citizens. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 1999.

Strand K, Marullo S, Cutforth N, et al.: Community-Based Research and Higher Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003.

Miron D, Moely BE: Community agency voice and benefit in service-learning. Mich J Community Serv Learn. 2005; 12: 27-37.

Bringle RG, Hatcher JA: Campus–community partnerships: The terms of engagement. J Soc Issues. 2002; 58(3): 503-516.

Dorad S, Giles DE Jr: Service-learning partnerships: paths of engagement. Mich J Community Serv Learn. 2004; 11: 25-37.

Gelmon SB, Holland BA, Seifer SD, et al.: Community-university partnerships for mutual learning. Mich J Community Serv Learn. 1998; 5: 97-107.

Holland BA: Reflections on community-campus partnerships: What has been learned? What are the next challenges? In Pasque PA, Smerek RE, Dwyer B, Bowman N, Mallory BL (eds.): Higher Education Collaboratives for Community Engagement and Improvement. Ann Arbor, MI: National Forum on Higher Education for the Public Good, 2005: 10-17.

Sandy M, Holland BA: Different worlds and common ground: Community partner perspectives on campus-community partnerships. Mich J Community Serv Learn. 2006; 13(1): 30-43.

Bushouse BK: Community nonprofit organizations and service-learning: Resource constraints to building partnerships with universities. Mich J Community Serv Learn. 2005; 12: 32-40.

Geller JD, Zuckerman N, Seidel A: Service-learning as a catalyst for community development: How do community partners benefit from service-learning? Educ Urban Soc. 2014; doi:0013124513514773.

Kushma JA: Incorporating Service-Learning in Emergency Management Higher Education Curriculum. Emmitsburg, MD: Institute for Emergency Preparedness. Available at https://www.training.fema.gov/HiEdu/downloads/ServiceLearningExamplesJKushma.doc. Accessed January 12, 2015.

McEntire DA: Service Learning in the Emergency Administration and Planning Program. Emmitsburg, MD: Federal Emergency Management Agency. Available at http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/downloads/SL_McEntire.doc. Accessed January18, 2015.

Kiltz L: Developing critical thinking skills in homeland security and emergency management courses. J Homel Secur Emerg Manag. 2009; 6(1): 1-23.

Renger R, Wood S, Granillo B, et al.: Using experiential learning theory (ELT) to design emergency preparedness training curricula. J Emerg Manag. 2011; 9(5): 57-63.

Thomas D, Mileti D: Designing Educational Opportunities for the Hazards Manager of the 21st Century. Emmitsburg, MD: Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2003. Available at http://training.fema.gov/hiedu/downloads/thomas%20and%20milleti.pdf. Accessed January10, 2015.

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA): The College List. Emmitsburg, MD: Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2015. Available at https://www.training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/edu/collegelist/. Accessed January 29, 2015.

Blanchard BW: Top Ten Competencies for Professional Emergency Management. Emmitsburg, MD: Department of Homeland Security-Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2005.

Cwiak CL: Emergency Management Higher Education Program Report. Emmitsburg, MD: Federal Emergency Management Agency. Available at https://training.fema.gov/HiEdu/surveys/Cwiak%20-%202014%20Hi%20Ed%20Report.doc. Accessed January 13, 2015.

Seminole County Office of Emergency Management: Emergency Management Team Strategic Plan 2015-2017. Available at https://www.seminolecountyfl.gov/core/fileparse.php/3333/urlt/2015-2017-Strategic-Plan.pdf. Accessed February 25, 2016.

Henstra D: Evaluating local government emergency management programs: What framework should public managers adopt? Public Admin Rev. 2010; 70: 236-246.

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA): IS-139: Unit 6: The functional exercise. Federal Emergency Management Agency. Available at http://apc.naccho.org/Products/APC20071160/Lists/Accordion%20Documents/Attachments/7/IS139%20Exercise%20Design.pdf. Accessed January 3, 2015.

McEntire DA, Myers A: Preparing communities for disasters: Issues and processes for government readiness. Disaster Prev Manag. 2004; 13(2): 140-152.

Peterson DM, Perry RW: The impacts of disaster exercises on participants. Disaster Prev Manag. 1999; 8(4): 241-255.

Ash SL, Clayton PH, Moses MG: Learning Through Critical Reflection: A Tutorial for Service-Learning Students. Raleigh, NC: PHC Ventures, 2009.

Strauss A, Corbin J: Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1998.

Skilton-Sylvester E, Erwin EK: Creating reciprocal learning relationships across socially-constructed borders. Mich J Community Serv Learn. 2000; 7: 65-75.

Silenas R, Akins R, Parrish AR, et al.: Developing disaster preparedness competence: An experiential learning exercise for multiprofessional education. Teach Learn Med. 2008; 20(1): 62-68.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.2016.0286

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Emergency Management