Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

The close interaction between medications used for pain management and thyroid function

Shailendra Kapoor, MD

Abstract


No abstract

Keywords


pain management, thyroid function

Full Text:

PDF

References


Matoushek TA, Kearney TC, Lindsay TJ, et al.: Loss of antinociceptive effectiveness of morphine and oxycodone following titration of levothyroxine: Case reports and a brief review of published literature. J Opioid Manage. 2012; 8: 193-198.

Freire-Garabal M, Balboa JL, Nunez MJ, et al.: Autoradiographic evidence of opioid binding sites in the thyroid gland. Horm Metab Res. 1992; 24: 494-495.

Berglund LA, Millard WJ, Gabriel SM, et al.: Opiate-thyroid hormone interactions in the regulation of thyrotropin secretion in the rat. Neuroendocrinology. 1990; 52: 303-308.

Edmondson EA, Bonnet KA, Friedhoff AJ: The effect of hyperthyroidism on opiate receptor binding and pain sensitivity. Life Sci. 1990; 47: 2283-2289.

Deb I, Das S: Thyroid hormones protect astrocytes from morphine- induced apoptosis by regulating nitric oxide and pERK 1/2 pathways. Neurochem Int. 2011; 58: 861-871.

Zhang GF, Tang YL, Smith AK, et al.: Alterations in pituitary-thyroid axis function among opioid-dependent subjects after acute and protracted abstinence. Addict Biol. 2009; 14: 310-314.

Pfab R, Hirtl C, Zilker T: Opiate detoxification under anesthesia: No apparent benefit but suppression of thyroid hormones and risk of pulmonary and renal failure. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1999; 37: 43-50.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jom.2012.0125

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.